In-clinic test menu

View our comprehensive test menu available through our In-house solutions

These are the parameters available through IDEXX's in-house solutions

  1. Chemistry
  2. Haematology
  3. SNAP and Pet-Side Tests
  4. Urinalysis Parameters
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Chemistry

Albumin

ALB

Albumin is an important regulator of osmotic equilibrium in the body and is also a carrier for highly protein-bound substances (e.g. calcium, thyroxine, fatty acids, and some drugs).

Albumin/Globulin (Alb/Glob) Ratio

The albumin/globulin ratio is the amount of albumin in the serum divided by the globulins. The ratio is used to try to identify causes of change in total serum protein.

Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)

Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) is primarily an indicator of cholestatic liver disease. It also increases with severe bone destruction and due to steroid induction.

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)

ALT

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) is a cellular enzyme released in response to injury of liver cells. ALT can also increase mildly with muscular injury and gastrointestinal disease.

Amylase

Amylase is an enzyme produced primarily in the pancreas to digest dietary carbohydrates in the intestine.

Aspartate Aminotransferase

AST

Aspartate Aminotransferase is a cellular enzyme that primarily increases due to liver and muscle damage.

Bilirubin

Bilirubin is an indicator of liver disease, gall bladder disease or hemolysis.

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)

BUN

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) is produced in the liver and excreted by the kidneys. It is a marker for both liver and
kidney dysfunction.

Calcium

Ca

Calcium is an ion that is required by the body for numerous intracellular and extracellular functions. Calcium also is
a major component in the structure of bone.

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is one of the main lipids in the body. It has an important role as a component of cell membranes.

Chloride

Cl

Chloride is the most abundant anion in the extracellular fluid. Chloride is important for acid/base balance, cellular fluid transport, and nerve function.

Creatine Kinase

CK

Creatine Kinase is a muscle enzyme. Increased CK suggests leakage of the enzyme from the muscle cells, often a result of muscle inflammation or trauma. CK may also be referred to as creatine phosphokinase (CPK).

C-Reactive Protein

CRP

C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is an acute phase protein that is an accurate, highly specific, highly sensitive indicator of systemic inflammation in dogs.

Fructosamine

FRU

A glycosulated protein; assayed to monitor control of diabetes mellitus. Used particularly in felines because cortisol-induced glucose swings are associated with stress of sampling for point assay of blood glucose levels.

Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT)

GGT

Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) is a marker of cholestatic liver disease

Globulin

Globulins are produced in the liver and also by the cells of the immune system (gamma globulins). They have
many vital roles in the body including maintenance of osmotic balance, immune system function, and the inflammatory response.

Glucose

GLU

Glucose is the basic energy source for the body.

Lactate

LAC

Used as indicator for metabolic derangement.

Lactate Dehydrogenase

LDH

Used as indicator for damage to the liver, cardiac or skeletal muscle.

Lipase

Lipase is an enzyme produced primarily in the pancreas to break down dietary fats in the small intestine.

Magnesium

Mg

Magnesium is primarily an intracellular cation that is important in many enzymatic reactions.

Phenobarbital

Phenobarbital is a barbiturate that is primarily used for seizure control. Serum phenobarbital concentrations are assessed to help determine if the drug is reaching therapeutic levels and to asses for toxic levels.

Phosphorus

Phosphorus is essential for energy production, protein synthesis, and acid/base balance in the body. Phosphorus is
also a major component of bone.

Potassium

K

Potassium is an intracellular ion that is responsible for maintenance of fluid and electrolyte balance. Potassium is essential for muscle and nerve function.

SDMA

SDMA

Read more about SDMA here.

Sodium

Na

Sodium is the most abundant cation in the extracellular fluid. It is partially responsible for the regulation of fluid volume within the blood stream.

Total Protein

TP

Total protein in the blood is primarily composed of albumin and globulins (see individual interpretive summaries)
with a minor contribution from coagulation proteins and fibrinogen.

Total T4

T4

Screen, diagnose and manage thyroid conditions

Triglycerides

TRIG

Indicator for abnormalities in lipid metabolism

Uric Acid

URIC

Indicator for severity of renal disease in avian popualtions (and Dalmatians).

 

Haematology

Parameter Description
HCT (haematocrit) With every report
RBC (red blood cell count)
  • A vital supplement to the HCT
  • Accurate measurements allow accurate calculations of MCH and MCHC.
HGB (haemoglobin) With every report
RETIC , %RETIC (reticulocyte count, percentage of reticulocytes) Reticulocytes are essential and the gold standard for characterising if an anaemia is regenerative or non-regenerative.
MCV (mean cell volume) Serial measurement allows better monitoring of the progression/regression of a disease state.
RDW (red blood cell distribution width)
  • Objective measurement of variation in size of red blood cells (anisocytosis)
  • Allows the veterinarian to better follow the progression and regression of a disease
MCHC (mean cell haemoglobin concentration) With every report
MCH (mean cell haemoglobin) With every report
PLT (platelet count) The ProCyte Dx analyser offers a much more accurate platelet count than impedance-only counters
MPV, PDW, PCT (mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, platelet haematocrit) Aid in the characterisation of a platelet abnormality (such as presence or absence of a bone marrow response to a peripheral demand for platelets)
WBC (white blood cell count) With every report
Monocytes and Lymphocytes (% and #)
  • Help identify inflammatory diseases where macrophages are a significant component of the inflammatory process
  • Differentiation of monocytes and lymphocytes helps accurately identify the presence of an underlying glucocorticoid influences (e.g., stress, steroid administration, hyperadrenalcorticism)
Neutrophils (% and #) Important in identifying certain types of inflammatory disease and their severity, as well as following the progression or regression of inflammation
Band Neutrophils

Noted when bands are suspected to be present in a sample. The presence of bands is the single best indicator of inflammation

Eosinophils (% and #)
  • Important in identifying systemic hypersensitivity, which can be caused by heartworm disease, flea bite dermatitis, feline asthma, allergic gastroenteritis and more
  • The ProCyte Dx analyser identifies eosinophils for both canines and felines
Basophils (% and #) May be helpful in identifying systemic hypersensitivity, as well as acute allergic reactions
nRBCs (nucleated red blood cells) Noted when nRBCs are suspected to be present in a sample. nRBCs indicate bone marrow damage or extreme increases in red blood cell production, both of which prompt the doctor to act quickly.
Fluid Analysis The ability to run body-fluid analyses for real-time cell counts and assistance in fluid classification
TNCC (total nucleated cell count) A count of all nucleated cells in a body fluid, including white blood cells, nucleated red blood cells and both benign and malignant somatic cells, such as mesothelial cells, epithelial cells, etc.
Granulocyte (# and %) Nucleated cells including all three granulocyte populations: neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils
Agranulocyte (# and %) Nucleated cells including all nucleated cells not included in the “granulocyte” category: lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, mesothelial cells, neoplastic cells, etc.
RBC (red blood cell count) A count of all non-nucleated red blood cell forms
 
*The number of reported parameters may vary according to species.

SNAP and Pet-Side Tests

TestsDiseaseBenefits
SNAP® Total T4 Test hypothyroidism
hyperthyroidism
Screen for hyperthyroidism and presumptive hypothyroidism and quickly monitor medications; use plasma for quicker results.
SNAP® Cortisol Test Cushing’s Syndrome
Addison’s Disease
Screen for diseases and monitor long-term medications for quick adjustments, as necessary.
SNAP® Bile Acids Test liver dysfunction Quickly assess liver function Recommend further diagnostics based on results to help diagnose disease such as portosystemic shunts.
SNAP® cPL™ Test canine pancreatitis Diagnose or rule out canine pancreatitis.
SNAP® 4Dx® Test heartworm
ehrlichiosis
Lyme disease
anaplasmosis
Screen for canine heartworm and three tick-borne diseases at once.
SNAP® FIV/FeLV Combo Test feline leukemia virus
feline immunodeficiency virus
Screen for two diseases with just one blood sample.
SNAP® fPL Test feline pancreatitis Rule in or rule out feline pancreatitis.
SNAP® Leishmania Test leishmania In-clinic results in just 6 minutes. Built to offer maximum accuracy with both positive and negative controls.
SNAP® Giardia Test Giardia

Detects soluble Giardia antigens—no more slide-scanning for evasive cysts. Has no sample-prep time—easy to set up alongside faecal floats

SNAP® Parvo Test parvovirus Point-of-car results in 8 minutes. Does not cross-react with modified live vaccines
SNAP®  Feline proBNP Test heart health Affordable assessment tool for all patients with cardiac risk factors
Angio Detect Test Angiostrongylus vasorum

Accurate in-clinic blood test with results in just 15 minutes. Simplifies testing for staff and clients.


Urinalysis Parameters

Parameter Conventional Units (Conv.) SI Units (SI) Arbitrary Units (Arbitrary)
SG (specilic gravity) Measure with refractometer
pH 5
6
6.5
7
8
9
5
6
6.5
7
8
9
5
6
6.5
7
8
9
LEU (leukocytes)
Confirm all canine leukocytes results with microscopy
neg
25 Leu/μL
100 Leu/μL
500 Leu/μL
neg
25 Leu/μL
100 Leu/μL
500 Leu/μL
neg
1+
2+
3+
PRO (protein) neg
TR
30mg/dl
100mg/dl
500mg/dl
neg
TR
0.3 g/l
1.0 g/l
5.0 g/l
neg
TR
1+
2+
3+
GLU (glucose) neg
50 mg/dL
100 mg/dL
300 mg/dL
1000 mg/dL
neg
3  mmol/L
6  mmol/L
17 mmol/L
56 mmol/L
neg
1+
2+
3+
4+
KET (ketone) neg
15 mg/dL
50 mg/dL
150 mg/dL
neg
1.5  mmol/L
5  mmol/L
15 mmol/L
neg
1+
2+
3+
UBG (urobilinogen) norm
1  mg/dL
4  mg/dL
8  mg/dL
12 mg/dL
norm
7 μmol/L
70  μmol/L
140 μmol/L
200 μmol/L
norm
1+
2+
3+
4+
BIL (bilirubin) neg
1 mg/dL
3 mg/dL
6 mg/dL
neg
17 μmol/L
50  μmol/L
100 μmol/L
norm
1+
2+
3+
BLD (blood/hemoglobin) neg
10 Ery/μL
25 Ery/μL
50 Ery/μL
250 Ery/μL
neg
10 Ery/μL
25 Ery/μL
50 Ery/μL
250  Ery/μL
neg
1+
2+
3+
4+
Note: NIT (nitrate) and SG (specific gravity) results are not read or printed by the IDEXX VetLab UA Analyser.